Creative Commons is what makes Web 2.0 possible. I am now using the Creative Commons license 3.0 BY-NC-SA recommended for teaching, learning and research. This means that anyone can copy, paste and use my material as long as my name remains attached to it, they are not selling it or the finished product with my work in it for profit, and that they add the same BY-NC-SA to their finished work so others can benefit.
The Tragedy of the Commons is a reminder of how private ownership of public communal resources caused social inequalities and grave injustice. Under the guise of land improvement those who had got more by fencing off lands that were used by entire communities for fishing, hunting and gathering. (“Aristocrats became aristocrats because they were very good at stealing sheep.” See The Monarch of the Glen).
On the Internet the fields of intellectual and creative property could be privatized and fenced off in a contemporary Lockean move. Expert knowers could stake claims to nuggets of information claiming they need control in order to improve the knowledge field. Power. Control. Politics.
The Creative Commons is a movement towards publicly sharing communal knowledge by setting clear guidelines through a form of licensing which allows users to build on each other’s creativity, innovation, teaching, learning and research. Knowledge in this new environment is spread in a viral fashion that is non-linear.
Risk management in a Knowledge Society includes weighing the pros and cons of losing attribution of your intellectual and creative property by posting on the Internet versus keeping it safe on your PC or waiting until it is published with your name attached in a print copy with some safe and reliable publisher.
I was looking for an old website I had built in 2000 when I came upon Stefano Cazzella’s
caccio’s blog [by Stefano Cazzella]: Building WORLD 2.0. I think this is my first complete reference blog-to-blog and I am touched. Using the Creative Commons 2.5 licensing which is attribution, non-commercial share-alike he has hosted this image and text from Flickr on his site using a nice large resolution. I am pleased as it looks good. However, although I have embedded my name digitally he has not mentioned my name which is not available on Flickr image page. Users need to click on the profile page of the web album flickrite. I have supplied it below and will check in a week or so to see if it is changed on Stefano Cazzella’s page. I am convinced Stefano’s intentions were indeed to respect the copyrights.Flynn-Burhoe, Maureen. 2006. Digital image of: 1999. Space invasion with fireplace and PC. Acrylic on Arches Paper, 30″ x 22.5″ ; on Arches paper. Lac Gauvreau, Quebec, Canada. Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada http://www.flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/286018732The Creative Commons actually builds on a way of sharing, adapting, building knowledge claims that has been a part of teaching, learning and research for time immemorial. What I can illustrate in an image is difficult to argue in text. Basically we are all using communal memories, communal archives to build our own original creations. Creative Commons acknowledges that and goes against the current where academic capital has become a jealously guarded commodity, knowledge bytes are the new virtual gold. We are in the middle of a virtual gold rush. Maureen Flynn-Burhoe
The Creative Commons license 2.5 that I use with all my work, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada
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The following was copied from this site on November 30, 2006. Consult the original web site for accuracy and authority. Sharing, Intellectual Property (IP), Copyright Creative CommonsMany academics and educators today spend their time creating learning objects to help their students learn more effectively. These learning objects are inherently valuable to the larger learning community, yet their creators may be reluctant to share them without legal counsel on how this would effect their intellectual property rights.Copyright in learning objects:# 1. An exclusive copyright in a creative work is vested in the author/artist automatically upon the act of creation.# 2. A copyright licence allows authors/artists to continue to hold copyright in their material while licensing it to one or more persons.Protecting rights and sharing learning objects:Choosing to share a learning object under Creative Commons copyright license is a free and easy way to tell others that they may make use of your work under certain terms, while respecting your copyright. Creative Commons copyright licenses are available in the national laws (and languages) of many countries around the world. Creative Commons Canada has ported the CC copyright license for use in Canada. All CC licenses allow, at base, the work to be used, copied and shared with a friend.CLOE recommends using the most recent Canadian version of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA) licence, as the default copyright licence for the CLOE repository. This licence allows people to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work, and to make derivative works under the following conditions: (1) they must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor, (2) they may not use this work for commercial purposes, and (3) if they alter, transform, or build upon this work, they may distribute the resulting work only under an identical licence.The CC licence generator is here: http://creativecommons.org/license/?jurisdiction=ca. Remember to choose the following answers for the questions: (1) Allow commercial uses of your work = No, (2) Allow modifications of your work = Yes, as long as others share alike.For more information on Creative Commons copyright licences, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses.
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