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Paterson the film

After watching the film Paterson (2016), I learned that the the the esteemed poet Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, and author of the volumes of poems entitled Paterson, William Carlos Williams, was born in 1883 in Rutherford, New Jersey and died there in 1963.

Paterson, the film, documents a week in the life of the main character, a bus driver in the town of Paterson, New Jersey, who is played by Adam Driver, Paterson’s wife, Laura, played by Golshifteh Farahani, and their English bulldog, Marvin. Paterson, is a poet who carries his notebook with him on his bus routes, and on his walks on his way to work, in his neighbourhood, and in the park near the Passiac Falls.  The film brings to life a 2020 version of the embodied Paterson as described by Williams in 1946, a man who is “in himself is a city, beginning, seeking , achieving and concluding his life in ways which the various aspects of a city may embody— if imaginatively conceived — any city, all the details of which may be made to voice his most intimate convictions.”

Paterson the book of poetry

Williams published Paterson in the post-WWII period, between 1946 and 1958. It was described as a “modernist epic collage of place” which recounts the “history, people, and essence of Paterson, New Jersey.” He “wrote his own modern epic poem, focusing on “the local” on a wider scale than he had previously attempted.

In the author’s note to Paterson, Williams wrote, ”

“Paterson is a long poem in four parts — that a man in himself is a city, beginning, seeking , achieving and concluding his life in ways which the various aspects of a city may embody— if imaginatively conceived — any city, all the details of which may be made to voice his most intimate convictions. Part One introduces the elemental character of the place. The Second Part comprises the modern replicas. Three will seek a language to make them vocal, and Four, the river below the falls, will be reminiscent of episodes — all that any one man may achieve in a lifetime.”

Williams also examined the role of the poet in American society and famously summarized his poetic method in the phrase “No ideas but in things” (found in his poem “A Sort of a Song” and repeated again and again in Paterson).”

Let the snake wait under
his weed
and the writing
be of words, slow and quick, sharp
to strike, quiet to wait,
sleepless.
— through metaphor to reconcile
the people and the stones.
Compose. (No ideas
but in things) Invent!
Saxifrage is my flower that splits
the rocks.

James Joyce’s Ulysses

Williams was inspired by James Joyce’s Ulysses. Joyce’s fictional character is Leopold Bloom, who lived at 52 Clanbrassil Street in Portobello, Dublin, Ireland, where there is now a memorial plaque commemorating Bloom.

The James Joyce Museum website describes how Joyce “forensically” documented June 16th, 1904, a day in Bloom’s life. On that exact date, Joyce went on his first date with “the love of his life, Nora Barnacle from Galway”.

The first lines in Ulysses describe the fictional “stately, plump Buck Mulligan” at the top of the Martello tower in  Sandy Cove, Dublin, which is now the Joyce Tower museum. The significance of these lines is explained by the Joyce Project.

“Stately, plump Buck Mulligan came from the stairhead, bearing a bowl of lather on which a mirror and a razor lay crossed.”

Play list of music for the film Paterson

The play list for the music in the 2016 includes Soltane Ghalbha, which was composed by Anooshirvan Rohani (b. 1939) for a 1968 Iranian film by the same name, which was directed by Mohammad Ali Fardin. Soltane Ghalbha means King of Hearts. It was played by the Iranian pianist, Mohsen Karbassi. Rohani composed all the music for the 1968 film. and Aref Arefkia and Ahdieh sang the songs that were then dubbed by the lead performers. This is a YouTube video of Arefkia singing Soltane Ghalbha.

Other music is listed on Spotify:

  • Walk through this world with me by Tammy Wynette
  • Trespasser by Bad Medicine
  • I’m still a man (Lord have mercy) by Willie West
  • Blue Lester by Lester Young
  • The Whole Town’s Laughing at me by Teddy Pendergrass
  • Untitled (feat. Scar) (Explicit) by Killer Mike, Scar R.A.P. Music
  • Kieh Kieh Dar Mizanheh by Pouran on Best of Pouran
  • Blue Mode by Reuben Wilson
  • I’m still a man (Lord have mercy) instrumental by Willie West
  • Lonely Town, Lonely Street by Bill Withers

The poet who wrote the poems in Paterson the film

I am enchanted by the film Paterson on Netflix. It is a film about a fictional poet Paterson who lives in Paterson and who is inspired by William Carlos Williams, a poet who wrote a book of poetry called Paterson. Ron Padgett, a poet, wrote 4 poems for the film Paterson. This one is from an exquisite scene between a 11-year old girl who is a poet reading her poem to Paterson when they meet on his way home from his day job as bus driver.

A poem by  Ron Padgett

Water falls from the bright air
It falls like hair
Falling across a young girl’s shoulders
Water falls
Making pools in the asphalt
Dirty mirrors with clouds and buildings inside
It falls on the roof of my house
Falls on my mother and on my hair
Most people call it rain

Notes

  1. Day 1, Hour 1. This post, which has just begun on March 21, will include Creative Commons and open source content including poetry, Wikipedia links, Gutenberg Press content, a Google map called Mapping Fiction on Web 2.0. I am also making a Google Earth map to help for accuracy that will not be publicly available.
  2. This is day 2, Hour 2 of the mapping fiction project. Concurrent to the Google Maps I made for this, I was also working on a Google Earth folder as well. After realizing that Google Maps description fields are not responsive to either Wikipedia code [ https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm Ulysses] or html code <a ref=”https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4300/4300-h/4300-h.htm”>Ulysses,</a&gt; I hope to share the Google Earth version. For example, The setting for the first lines in Ulysses is the Martello tower in  Sandy Cove, Dublin, which is now the Joyce Tower museum.
  3. According to Wikipedia, Williams, in “addition to his writing, had a long career as a physician practicing both pediatrics and general medicine. He was affiliated with Passaic General Hospital, where he served as the hospital’s chief of pediatrics from 1924 until his death. The hospital, which is now known as St. Mary’s General Hospital, paid tribute to Williams with a memorial plaque that states, “We walk the wards that Williams walked.”
  4. The Joyce Project was undertaken by John Hunt, who was a then a professor of literature at the University of Montana, who was aided with over a dozen contributors, from the US, Ireland, Canada, and Iran.  I have created an Internet Archives url here.
  5. In 1827, Timothy Botchford Crane (1773 – 1845) ” built the first chasm bridge” across the Passaic River. They were then known as the Passaic River and are now called  the Great Falls.

“So far everything had gone smoothly. The pulley and ropes were securely fastened on each side of the chasm, and everything made in readiness to pull the clumsy bridge into position. It was a wooden structure boarded up on both sides, and a roof. It was about two o’clock in the afternoon and a large crowd had gathered — a large crowd for that time, as the town only numbered about four thou- sand—to watch the bridge placed in position. But the happiest man in the town that day was Timothy B. Crane, who had charge of the bridge. Tim Crane was a hotel keeper and kept a tavern on the Manchester side of the Falls. His place was a great resort for circus men. Such famous circus men of the long ago as Dan Rice and James Cooke, the great bareback rider, visited him. Tim Crane built the bridge because his rival, Fyfield, who kept the tavern on the other side of the falls, was getting the benefit of the “Jacob’s Ladder,” as it was sometimes called — the “hundred steps,” a long, rustic, winding stairs in the gorge leading to the opposite side of the river — it making his, place more easy to get to. . . . Crane was a very robust man over six feet tall. He wore side whiskers. He was well known to the other citizens as a man of much energy and no little ability.”

6. Lyrics to Soltane Ghalbha

The Sultan (King) of the Hearts
A part of my heart tells me to go, to go,
The other part of my heart tells me not to go, not to go,
My heart is not patient, not patient,
What should I do without you,

For the love, o my pretty one, my pretty one,
The world is so small, so small,
Everywhere I go, your memory is with me, your memory is with me,
I won’t leave you alone,

You’re the sultan (king) of my heart, my heart,
You broke through my heart’s gates,
You gave a love promise to my heart,
You joined me,
Now if I’m anywhere but far from you,
I won’t give my heart to anyone as a beloved but you,
I’m filled with wishing and demand,
O my beautiful beloved,

A part of my heart tells me to, go, to go,
The other part of my heart tells me not to go, not to go,
My heart is not patient, not patient,
What should I do without you,

For the love, o my pretty one, my pretty one,
The world is so small, so small,
Everywhere I go, your memory is with me, your memory is with me,
I won’t leave you alone,

You’re the sultan (king) of my heart, my heart,
You broke through my heart’s gates,
You gave a love promise to my heart,
You joined me,

Now if I’m anywhere but far from you,
I won’t give my heart to anyone as a beloved but you,
I’m filled with wishing and demand,
O my beautiful beloved.
https://lyricstranslate.com

References

Joyce, James (1922). Ulysses. London: Egoist Press. 732 pages.

Joyce, James. The Project Gutenberg EBook of Ulysses.
Wikipedia contributors. Paterson (film) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 21, 2020.

Wikipedia contributors. “William Carlos Williams.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved  March 20, 2020.

Wikipedia contributors. “Rutherford, New Jersey.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 6 Mar. 2020. Web. 22 Mar. 2020. March 21, 2020

Williams, William Carlos  (1946-58). Paterson. New York: New Direction. oclc: 1001922820. 248 pages. The first collected edition of all 5 books was published in 1963, preceded by cumulative collected editions of 1949, 1950, and 1951.

Williams, William Carlos  (1946-58). Internet Archives full-text of Paterson.


 

This segment from the summer of 1994, is part of an ongoing life story series, a work in progress. In many ways it relates to how Wikipedia changed my mind.

From 1992 to 1995, while earning my MA in Canadian Studies at Carleton, I presented a draft of my multi media project to my MA supervisor, Marion (Mame) Jackson and John Shepherd in the Bell Canada-funded theatre in the Minto Centre for Advanced Studies in Engineering.

An article entitled “Advancing Education through Communications Technology” was published in the summer of 1994 in Carleton University’s The Charlatan under Carleton University Developments. With the addition of this new Minto theatre Carleton became one of the first universities in Canada to have multi media facilities (1994:3).

In the end, the administration decided that I could not present my MA thesis in a multi media format as a CD-ROM. The CD-ROM multi-media project “Jessie Oonark: Woman in the Centre” was one of many projects submitted as a requirement for my MA, not my thesis itself. My MA was transformed from the more traditional  thesis based masters into a course based program. My final CD-ROM project to complete my MA requirements is described in this 1999 Art Libraries Journal article, “Shape-shifting and other points of convergence: Inuit art and digital technologies“.

In a summer 1994 article entitled “Advancing Education through Communications Technology” in the Carleton University newspaper, The Charlatan, then-Director of Instructional Media Services, Ross Mutton estimated that the interest in using computers was growing rapidly. By the summer of 1994 there were already 30 professors at Carleton who were using computers regularly in their courses. For example, by 1993, Professor Peter Watson was using computers instead of the blackboard and overhead projectors to teach his astronomy classes. In his courses, he had begun to use multimedia technologies to incorporate notes he had entered into his computer with images and demonstrations including star clusters and simulations of how spacecraft moved. In 1992, with the addition of the Bell Canada-funded theatre in the Minto Centre for Advanced Studies in Engineering, Carleton became one of the first universities in Canada to have multi media facilities. The first Bell theatre had “video and data projectors and a teaching console with everything built in, making it as advanced a classroom as you’ll find anywhere” according to Ross.

Excerpt from “Advancing Education through Communications Technology”. Carleton University Developments. The Charlatan. Summer 1994. Page 3.

“Though there is no hard and fast definition of what exactly multi media is, it generally involves the application of different media-video, sound, images, text, and so on-in a single package. Learning to use so many different things can be a big challenge.”

“That’s where the Teaching and Learning Resource Centre comes in. “We have two responsibilities,” says Carole Dence, the Centre’s director.

“One is to get on top of what’s out there and to make people on campus aware of what it can do. The other is to provide support to those who want to get material in shape for their classes.”

The Centre has computing hardware and software which can be used for multi media projects, adn also organizes workshops and presentations.

It’s also providing intensive support to Maureen Flynn-Burhoe, a Master’s student in the School of Canadian Studies, who is one of the first students at Carleton to use multi media for a graduate research project.

“When I first started to do research on Jessie Oonark, an [Inuit] artist who lived from 1906-1985, I found myself wanting to make cross references, to link different drawings together,” Maureen explains. “Rather than a verbal essay, a visual essay made more sense.”

Incorporating drawings, maps, photographs, video, sound and text, her project has taken her far beyond the realm of art history.

“When I needed maps, I worked with the geography department,” she says. “To create a glossary of Inuit terms, I collaborated with the linguistics department. When I needed technical assistance, I got it from the engineering faculty. It’s been wonderful.”

David Coll, an engineering professor who helped Maureen and who uses multi media to teach an introductory course in computer programming, maintains that multi media will, in essence, encourage students to be scholars.

“It provides access to much more information in many different forms,” he points out. “Students have to learn to get all the information there is.”

Multi media is also opening new opportunities for students in the School of Architecture. The school’s director, Ben Gianni, feels that architects have a role to play in this area “because information is being organized visually, rather than verbally.

“We have a sense of how things look, how they fit together. We work in a visual world, so multi media is an excellent opportunity for us to present and organize information in new ways (1994:3).”

References

Flynn-Burhoe, Maureen. 1994. “Shape-shifting and other points of convergence: Inuit art and digital technologies.” Volume 24Issue 3. 1999 , pp. 38-41. https://doi.org/10.1017/S030747220001962 Cambridge University Press. Published online June 6, 2016

“Advancing Education through Communications Technology”. Carleton University Developments. The Charlatan. Summer 1994. Page 3.

Notes

Professor Shepherd was Director of Carleton’s School for Studies in Art and Culture from 1991-1997 and also its founder. (He served as Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology from 1999 to 2000.)


 

 

Enter links in a Google spreadsheet

=hyperlink(“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_economics&#8221;;”Financial economics”)

 

Wikipedia article on Financial economics

 

 


This is a personal research tool to help me in writing and editing wikipedia articles. Wikipedia provides in-depth information that is more useful, up-to-date and accurate than information on this blog post. For example, for information on citing books, see here. These are the templates I use most and have provided them here in one easy to find page.

I am entranced by wiki tools.

Wiki codes are improving constantly in pace with wiki content. Much of wikipedia is produced, maintained, created and edited through the work of countless volunteers.

When I find a tiny chunk of data that is not tied to an index I sometimes feel compelled to link it hoping that it will help someone else or even my future self. It might save time later.

Wikipedia lets me do that.

I can correct someone else’s minor error. They can correct mine.

I can make a major change to an article and someone else can make a major change to mine.

When I want to learn better practices in codes I can look up a {{Good article}} for examples.

There are always more experienced wikipedia editors who check for errors, inconsistencies, weaknesses, oversights (especially in the use of referenced material, too close paraphrasing etc).

Most recent finds:

{{harv|author|year|page}}

{{convert|37100|cuft/s|m3/s|abbr=on}} re river flows in floods

Citation template details!
|Template details!
1. pages
|pages= 5–7″ produces “pp. 5–7″ Page ranges should be separated by an unspaced en dash (–).

|page= 5” produces “p. 5”.

“These parameters are for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the report.”

2. |laysummary=: Link to a non-technical summary (or review) of the report
3. {{Citation
4. |contribution= Affidavit
5.|editor-last= Toohy| editor-first = Dennis J.
6. |publication-date= September 24, 1872
7. |publication-place= Corinne, Utah
8.|contribution-url= http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
9.|authorlink=
10.|coauthors=
11.| chapter =
12.| section =
}}

*complete report template uses{{Cite report | author = | authorlink = | coauthors = | date =
| title = | url = | publisher = | format = | others = | edition = | location = | chapter = | section = | page = | pages =
| docket = | accessdate = | quote =}}

*==Harvard in line page citations!==
Finally found this! {{harv|Smith|2005|p=25}}

*editors leave a space between headings but not between a heading and the para
==Prelude==

===Anglo-French offensive preparations===
After the attacks of 12 and 15 September,

*{{convert|500|yd|m}}

*footnotes, notes and references from Battle of Morval
This “particularly by an increased willingness to surrender.{{sfn|Duffy|2007|p=243}}” = a footnote
This “longer-range reconnaissance and bombing.{{sfn|Jones|1928|pp=147–148}} |group=”Note”}}” = a Note
Does the editor create the reference list manually?

==See also==
{{portal|World War I}}

===Victoria Cross===
* Private [[Thomas Alfred Jones]], 1st [[The Cheshire Regiment|Cheshires]].{{sfn|Miles|1938|p=376}}

==Notes==
{{reflist|group=”Note”}}

==Footnotes==
{{reflist|colwidth=20em}}

==References==
{{refbegin}}
* {{cite book |ref={{harvid|Beach|2005}}
|title=British Intelligence and the German Army, 1914–1918 |last=Beach |first=J | authorlink= |year=2005 |publisher=London University |location=London | edition= |OCLC=500051492}}
{{sfn|Duffy|2007|p=243}}

*spaces
(there should be no spaces before ref tags; there _should_ be spaces after them) spaceBroner, 1978;nospace

*no spaces between |title=title|date=

* References
==References==
{{reflist|colwidth=30em}}

*Further Reading
===Further Reading===
*{{cite book
}}

*Notes
===Notes===
{{Reflist|group=notes}}

*Categories:
*Countries
Contents [hide]
1 Themed lists
1.1 Demographics
1.2 Economy
1.2.1 Gross domestic product
1.2.2 Industrial Output
1.2.3 Agriculture
1.3 Environment
1.4 Geography
1.5 Military
1.6 Names
1.7 Politics
1.8 Sports
1.9 Tourism
1.10 Transport
1.11 Miscellaneous
2 References

*Citation template that shows how to add page numbers for distinct inline references without having page number show up in list of references. So simple!

{{cite news
|title= A Magnitsky law for Europe
|author=
|url=http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/e18677dc-54d8-11e2-a628-00144feab49a.html
|newspaper= ”[[The Financial Times]]”
|date= January 3, 2013 (paper edition)
|accessdate=5 January 2013
}} p. 8.

*Multiple authors
|first1=George
|last1=Monbiot
|authorlink=George Monbiot
|first2=
|last2=

*Linking offsite urls Firestone Duncan[http://www.firestone-duncan.com/]

*Some articles are much more developed and can be used as models for a variety of templates. I try to use the more recent articles for the more recent templates. The wiki article on Steve Jobs is one of those.

References and sources:

Reliability

“Social networking sites (Facebook, MySpace), blogs etc. are NOT reliable, while newspaper articles, magazines (Time Magazine), books etc. ARE reliable (wikipedia editing page re: Steve Jobs’ article.”

Wikipedia Template for References

Generating the full bibliography and webliography at the end of the article

At the end of the article the following code generates the complete bibliographic reference list in wikipedia’s perferred bibliographic style. I prefer to fill in the templates manually to ensure all relevant data is included. It takes longer but may prevent the loss of a reference if an url becomes a dead end.

==My Common Mistakes==

    day= is deprecated – use |date= if all three components are available
    city vs location
    format=PDF not .pdf as I use
    |accessdate=
    [[capillary action|capillary forces]]  the second one is the one that displays?

==link to main article within an article==
{{Main|Global warming}}

==How to link a phrase to outside sites==

[http://www.cees.iupui.edu/Research/Water_Resources/CIWRP/Algae_Information/Presentations/2010-06-17-Symposium/2010-06-17_Lehman-Whole_Lake_Experiments.pdf |Whole Lake Experiments]

==ref name= / ==
Does the name need “”? No

==creating categories==

== References ==
{{reflist}}

== References ==
{{reflist|25em|refs=

Individual bibliographic/webliographic entries

  1. New! editor replaced <ref>Gregory S. Aldrete (2004), ”Daily Life in the Roman City: Rome, Pompeii and Ostia”, p. 78, ISBN 978-0-313-33174-9</ref> with

{{sfn|Aldrete|2004|pp=79f.}} and {{sfn|Aldrete|2004|pp=78-9}} and {{sfn|Aldrete|2004|pp=79 ff.}} for exact page numbers! great, wondered how to do that.

  1. This <ref> “Whole Lake Experiment, Ford Lake, Prof Lehman”[ http://www.cees.iupui.edu/Research/Water_Resources/CIWRP/Algae_Information/Presentations/2010-06-17-Symposium/2010-06-17_Lehman-Whole_Lake_Experiments.pdf%5D</ref&gt; replaced with this <ref>[http://www.cees.iupui.edu/Research/Water_Resources/CIWRP/Algae_Information/Presentations/2010-06-17-Symposium/2010-06-17_Lehman-Whole_Lake_Experiments.pdf “Whole Lake Experiment, Ford Lake, Prof Lehman”]</ref>

Each bibliographic entry has a <ref> </ref>to open and close each reference.

It is preferable to use eg <ref name=”Rawls”> when using several citations from the same article.

    • See Wikipedia Template:Cite web {{cite web}} horizontal
      • Day Month Year
        {{cite news |title= |first= |last= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=3 June 2012}}
      Month Day, Year
      {{cite news |title= |first= |last= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=June 3, 2012}}
    • See Wikipedia Template:Cite news {{Cite news}}
    • <ref>{{cite web
      |url=
      |title=
      |author=
      |publisher=
      |city=
      |year=
      |month=
      |day=
      |page=
      |accessdate=December 4, 2011
      |}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
      |url=
      |title=
      |author=
      |publisher=
      |city=
      |year=
      |month=
      |day=
      |accessdate=
      |}}</ref>

      • Using authorlink to link to article about the author on Wikipedia
        • <ref>{{cite news | first=George | last=Monbiot | authorlink=George Monbiot | title=From toxic waste to toxic assets, the same people always get dumped on | url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cif-green/2009/sep/21/global-fly-tipping-toxic-waste | newspaper=The Guardian | location=London | date=22 September 2009 }}</ref>

Examples:

<ref>
{{cite book
|year=2007
|contribution=C. Mitigation in the short and medium term (until 2030).
|title= Summary for Policymakers.
|series=Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
|editor=B. Metz ”et al.”
|publisher=Print version: [[Cambridge University Press]], Cambridge, U.K., and New York, N.Y., U.S.A.. This version: IPCC website
|isbn=9780521880114
|author=IPCC
|url=http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/spmsspm-c.html
|accessdate=May 15 2010
}}
</ref>

<ref>
{{
|title=The universe in short
|first1=Stephen W.
|last1=Hawking
|publisher=Bantam Books
|year=2001
|isbn=9780553802023
|page=26
|
}}
</ref>

<ref>
{{Citation
|title=The Nobel prize: a history of genius, controversy, and prestige
|first1=Burton
|last1=Feldman
|publisher=Arcade Publishing
|year=2001
|isbn=1-559-70592-2
|page=141
|url=http://books.google.com/?id=xnckeeTICn0C}}, [http://books.google.com/books?id=xnckeeTICn0C&pg=PA141 Page 141]
}}</ref>

In 1901, Einstein had a paper on the [[capillary action|capillary forces]] of a straw published in the prestigious ”[[Annalen der Physik]]”.
<ref>
{{Citation
|last = Galison
|first = Peter
|authorlink = Peter Galison
|title = Einstein’s Clocks, Poincaré’s Maps: Empires of Time
|publisher = W.W. Norton
|location = New York
|year = 2003
|isbn = 0393020010 }}
</ref>

Further Reading

==Further reading==
* {{cite book|title=Geo-Engineering Climate Change: Environmental Necessity or Pandora’s Box?|
editor1-first=Brian|editor1-last=[[Brian Launder|Launder]]|editor2-first=J. Michael T. |editor2-last=Thompson|publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]]|date=December 2009|isbn=978-0-521-198035}}
*{{cite book|author=[[Eli Kintisch]]|year=2010|title=Hack the Planet: Science’s Best Hope, or Worst Nightmare, for Averting Climate Catastrophe|isbn=978-0470524268}}
*{{cite book|author=Jeff Goodell|authorlink=Jeff Goodell|year=2010|title=How to Cool the Planet: Geoengineering and the Audacious Quest to Fix Earth’s Climate|isbn=978-0618990610}}
* {{cite journal| journal= [[Nature (journal)|Nature]]| volume= 447| pages= 132–136| date=May 10, 2007 | doi=10.1038/447132a| title=Climate change: Is this what it takes to save the world?| first=Oliver| last= Morton| pmid= 17495899| issue= 7141}} –Abstract only, full article requires payment.
*{{cite book|author=[[James Rodger Fleming]]|publisher=[[Columbia University Press]]|date=September 15, 2010|title=Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control|isbn=978-0231144124}}
*[http://www.irgc.org/-Granger-Morgan-.html Granger Morgan], Katharine Ricke (2010). ”An Opinion Piece for [http://www.irgc.org IRGC]. Cooling the Earth Through Solar Radiation Management: The need for research and an approach to its governance.” ISBN 978-2-9700672-8-3

For references that are cited several times in the same article use this for subsequent references:

<ref> name=”rawls” <ref />

Translations
({{fr}}:)

(French: ”Ministère de l’Écologie, du Développement durable, des Transports et du Logement”, ”’MEDDTL”’)

{{Language icon|en|English}}
{{documentation}}

Duplication Detector

Duplication Detector “is a tool used to compare any two web pages to identify text which has been copied from one to the other. It can compare two Wikipedia pages to one another, two versions of a Wikipedia page to one another, a Wikipedia page (current or old revision) to an external page, or two external pages to one another. Duplication detector locates passages in which the text on the two pages is the same (wiki article).”

Dead Link

Link Rot, linkrot, link death, link breaking, broken link, dangling link are links that point to a source that is unavailable or do not work. Wikipedia editors are concerned about link rot and encourage the use of services like  WebCite, that provide on-demand web archiving.  WebCite, archives copies of online links that remain available even if the original link is a dead link.  The New York Times and wordpress offers the service of a permalink. para wiki

Wikipedia also recommends the Wayback Machine which takes webpage snapshots.

The following codes etc are from the wikipedia article entitled Faye Wong created and frequently edited by User:Fayenatic london, is administrator on English Wikipedia. Fayenatic london is among the 800 most active editors on Wikipedia.

How to create a quote box:

dead urls can also be archived here

|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20050323175527/

http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/gwr5/content_pages/record.asp?recordid=54458

|archivedate=23 March 2005

quotation

Centered (but not floating any more):

{{Quote box
 |quote  = Cry "Havoc," and let slip the dogs of war.
 |source = [[William Shakespeare]], ''[[Julius Caesar (play)|Julius Caesar]]'', Act III, Scene I.
 |width  = 50%
 |align  = center
}}
{{Lorem ipsum}}

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Linking to other wikipedia articles when the titles are not identical

since [[Mainland Chinese|Mainlanders]] were [[stereotyped]]

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film [[Confucius (2010 film)|”Confucius”]] was released

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Other references I want to understand later:
{{Cite arXiv}} arXiv preprint {{Cite AV media}} audio and visual {{Cite AV media notes}} audio and visual liner notes {{Cite book}} books {{Cite conference}} conference papers {{Cite DVD-notes}} DVD liner notes {{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections {{Cite episode}} radio or television episodes {{Cite interview}} interviews {{Cite journal}} magazines, journals, academic papers {{Cite mailing list}} public mailing lists {{Cite map}} maps {{Cite music release notes}} audio and video liner notes {{Cite news}} news articles {{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups {{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast {{Cite press release}} press releases {{Cite serial}} audio or video serials {{Cite sign}} signs, plaques {{Cite speech}} speeches {{Cite techreport}} technical reports {{Cite thesis}} theses {{Cite web}} web sources

Digitage Web 2.0 2012

January 4, 2012


Web 2.0 Digitage 2012

Web 2.0 Digitage 2012,
originally uploaded by ocean.flynn.

Logos from Web 2.0 are caught in the web somewhere between, a NASA image of a nebula, a starry night, clouds, science fiction landscapes of our inner space, the synapses of the brain, the virtual space that is not abstract, imagined or really real.

Web 2.0, is a term coined by Tim O’Reilly in 2004 for a series of conferences on a revivified Internet. O’Reilly (2005) in what is now considered to be his seminal article claimed that, “If Netscape was the standard bearer for Web 1.0, Google is most certainly the standard bearer for Web 2.0 (O’Reilly 2005). He contrasted Web 1.0 with Web 2.0 by citing examples: DoubleClick vs Google AdSense, Ofoto vs Flickr, Britannica Online vs Wikipedia, personal websites vs blogging, domain name speculation vs search engine optimization, page views vs cost per click, publishing vs participation, content management systems vs wikis directories (taxonomy) vs tagging (“folksonomy”) and stickiness vs syndication. The conceptual map his team devised provides a sketch of Web 2.0 showing social networking sites, wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies.

Although some argue that it does not exist as anything more than geek jargon, for this new user, it is a promising and surprising paradigm shift in the Internet and in software development. I began blogging using Web 2.0 freeware in September 2006. Numerous users like myself have access to sophisticated, ever-improving software technologies since the cost of development is shared among enthusiastic nerds and geeks (in a good way). Freeware on Web 2.0 is not proprietary by nature but is capable of generating huge profits because of the viral way in which users share in the development, marketing and growth of the product while improving connectivity and in content in the process.

Web 2.0

  • the network as platform
  •  not proprietary by nature
  • spans all connected devices
  • applications make the most of the intrinsic advantages of that platform
  • deliver software as a continually-updated service that gets better the more people use it (wikis: wikipedia, Flickr, Google, Amazon, ebay, craigslist, and all other other Web 2.0 superstar applications)
  • consumes and remixes data from multiple sources, including individual users (users of images in Flickr, Picassa,
  • provide own data and services in a form that allows remixing by others (Creative Commons)
  • creating network effects through an architecture of participation
  • tagging, folksonomies
  • blogging, microblogging
  • search engine optimization
  • semantic web
  • social networking sites: Facebook, Google +,
platforms, projects, sites
  • social network sites: Facebook, myspace, bebo, friendster, hi5, orkut, perfspot, zorpia, netlog, habbo, Google +,
  • microblogging: Twitter, Tumblr, posterous, Friendfeed, Plurk
  • blog services: WordPress, TypePad, Squarespace, Blogger, MySpace, AOL Journals, Windows Live Spaces, Xanga, LiveJournal
  • search engines: www.Google.com, http://www.Yahoo.com, http://www.Bing.com, http://www.Ask.com, http://www.Teoma.com, http://www.DuckDuckGo.com, http://www.Entireweb.com, http://www.blekko.com, http://www.ScrubTheWeb.com, www.Gigablast.com
  • Web Browsers: Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari
  • social bookmarking/discovery sites: CiteUlike, del.icio.us, digg, Google, Newsvine, reddit, StumbleUpon, ConnoteaSquidoo, AddThis, ShareThis,
  • free image hosting: Flickr, Picasa, PanoramioTinyPic, WebShots, Imageshack, Photobucket, SeeHere, Snapfish, DeviantART,
  • free video hosting: YouTube, Vimeo
  • free PowerPoint hosting: SlideShare, Google Docs
  • Creative Commons License
  • Amazon, craigslist,
  • wikis: wikipedia
  • maps: Google Earth, Google Maps
  • Storify, the Twitter and multi-media curation service
  • Client-side development/web browser technologies: Rich and interactive portal web applications use a variety of technologies such as Ajax, JavaScript, JSON, and patterns such as REST. These technologies and patterns allow developers to create increasingly responsive and highly interactive web applications.
  • Software Extensions: from server to platform: Adobe Reader, Adobe Flash player, Microsoft SilverlightActiveX, Oracle Java, Quicktime, Windows Media, etc.
  • Feeds (Syndication technology): Googlereader, RSS, WordPress, notifies users of content changes.
  • Folksonomies
Spin-offs
  • Education 2.0
  • Goverment 2.0
  • Enterprise 2.0
  • Health 2.0
  • Science 2.0
Notes:
cloud computing

“Any web application is a cloud application in the sense that it resides in the cloud. Google, Amazon, Facebook, twitter, flickr, and virtually every other Web 2.0 application is a cloud application in this sense. However, it seems to me that people use the term “cloud” more specifically in describing web applications that were formerly delivered locally on a PC, like spreadsheets, word processing, databases, and even email. Thus even though they may reside on the same server farm, people tend to think of gmail or Google docs and spreadsheets as “cloud applications” in a way that they don’t think of Google search or Google maps.This common usage points up a meaningful difference: people tend to think differently about cloud applications when they host individual user data. The prospect of “my” data disappearing or being unavailable is far more alarming than, for example, the disappearance of a service that merely hosts an aggregated view of data that is available elsewhere (say Yahoo! search or Microsoft live maps.) And that, of course, points us squarely back into the center of the Web 2.0 proposition: that users add value to the application by their use of it. Take that away, and you’re a step back in the direction of commodity computing (O’Reilly 2008).”

A Timeline of Selected Events Related to Web 2.0

2011 Web 2.0 Summit 

“Once each year, the Web 2.0 Summit brings together 1,000 senior executives from the worlds of technology, media, finance, telecommunications, entertainment, and the Internet. For 2011, our theme is “The Data Frame” – focusing on the impact of data in today’s networked economy. We live in a world clothed in data, and as we interact with it, we create more – data is not only the web’s core resource, it is at once both renewable and boundless.”

2007
“Web 2.0 Expo began eons ago in Internet Years – April of 2007 – in San Francisco. It was the first conference and tradeshow for the rapidly growing ranks of designers and developers, product managers, entrepreneurs, VCs, marketers, and business strategists who embraced the opportunities created by Web 2.0, a term coined at the birth of Web 2.0 Summit (formerly named Web 2.0 Conference), a joint venture between O’Reilly Media , UBM TechWeb, and Federated Media.” Pike, Kaitlin. 2011-12-01. “Long Goodbye to Web 2.0 Expo.”

Selected webliography

Alexander, Bryan. Levine, Alan. 2008. “Web 2.0 Storytelling: Emergence of a New Genre.” Educause.

Alexander and Levine (2008) identify two essential features that are useful in distinguishing Web 2.0 projects and platforms from the rest of the web: microcontent and social media.

Boulton, Clint. 2011-10-17. “Web 2.0 Summit: Salesforce.com’s Benioff Praises Oracle, Loves Facebook.” Enterprise Applications News.

“[C]ompanies must “beware the false cloud” Oracle and other virtualization software vendors offer as private clouds that come on disks. True cloud computing, he explained, is hosted, multi-tenant and lives on the Web—not on a disk.”

O’Reilly, Tim. 2007. “What is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software.” O’Reilly Media. Communications and Strategies. No. 1, p. 17, First Quarter. Social Science Network Page.

Abstract: “This paper was the first initiative to try to define Web 2.0 and understand its implications for the next generation of software, looking at both design patterns and business modes. Web 2.0 is the network as platform, spanning all connected devices; Web 2.0 applications are those that make the most of the intrinsic advantages of that platform: delivering software as a continually-updated service that gets better the more people use it, consuming and remixing data from multiple sources, including individual users, while providing their own data and services in a form that allows remixing by others, creating network effects through an architecture of participation, and going beyond the page metaphor of Web 1.0 to deliver rich user experiences.”

Tim O’Reilly, 2005. “What Is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software”. Uploaded 09/30/2005. Accessed January 6, 2007.

Digitage Web 2.0

Digitage Web 2.0,
originally uploaded by ocean.flynn.

Viewed 25, 070 times since December 5, 2006. Shared frequently through Creative Commons license. Updated 2012